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Some applications are available in versions for several different platforms; others only work on one and are thus called, for example. an application for Sometimes a new and popular application arises which only runs on one , increasing the desirability of that platform. This is called killer app. For example, VisiCalc was the first modern software for the Apple II and helped selling the then-new into offices. For Blackberry it was their software.
In recent years, the shortened term "app" (coined in 1981 or earlier has become population, the shortened form matching their typically smaller scope compared to applications on PCs. Even more recently, the shortened version is used for desktop application software as well.
There are many different ways to divide up different types of application software, and several are explained here.
Since the development and near-universal adoption of the , an important distinction that has emerged has been between — written with and other web-native technologies and typically requiring one to be online and running a , and the more traditional native applications written in whatever languages are available for one's particular type of computer. There has been a contentious debate in the computing community regarding web applications replacing native applications for many purposes, especially on mobile devices such as and . Web apps have indeed greatly increased in popularity for some uses, but the advantages of applications make them unlikely to disappear soon, if ever. Furthermore, the two can be complementary, and even integrated.
Application software can also be seen as being either Horizontal applications are more popular and widespread, because they are general purpose, for example word processors or databases. Vertical applications are, designed for a particular type of industry or business, or department within an organization. Integrated suites of software will
An advocate in this sense is a professional in the field of law. different countries legal system use the term with somewhat differing meanings. The broad equivalent in many english law based jurisdictions could be a barrister or a solicitor. However, American jurisdictions, advocateindicates a lawyer of superior classification
Advocates are the only lawyers with rights of audience in the courts. An advocate's role is to give advice on all matters of law: it may involve representing a client in the civil and criminal courts or advising a client on matters such as matrimonial and family law, trusts and estates, regulatory matters, property transactions and commercial and business law. In court, advocates wear a horsehair wig, stiff collar, bands and a gown in the same way as barristers do elsewhere.
Trainee advocates normally undertake a period of two years’ training articled to a senior advocate; in the case of English barristers or solicitors who have been practising or admitted for three years this training period is reduced to one year. Foreign lawyers who have been registered as legal practitioners in the Isle of Man for a certain period of time may also undertake a shorter period of training and supervision. During their training, all trainee advocates are required to pass the Isle
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